main theme for this month, in most parts of the country, is harvest and
preparing for winter. Keep a keen eye to the weather and don't get
caught by a surprise freeze. It is also the time to plant winter
this year's garden is fresh in mind, create or update your garden
journal. Draw a sketch of the garden listing what was planted
where. Note any pest or disease problems. Record what
varieties did well and what did not. Your journal will help you
layout your garden this winter and enable you to design in crop rotation.
the Vegetable Garden
tomato seeds from healthy and heavily fruited plants that are
demonstrating the specific characteristics that you desire or are
appropriate for the specific variety.
on your location,
radishes can be planted directly in the ground or in
the approach of freezing temperature, portable cold frames can be
placed over Swiss chard,
Zealand Spinach, and
a hard freeze, be sure to cut back and heavily mulch
cardoons. In some areas of the country, you may either need to
dig and over winter in a basement or protected area, or treat the
plants as annuals.
winter squash for storage, be sure to let them
fully ripen. They will last the longest if permitted to do
so. Do not let them freeze. This is also true for
parsley will do better if potted and relocated to a cold
frame, cool cellar or greenhouse.
the southern United States, now is the time to plant late
can also be sown now for spring
areas of the garden that you will be putting to rest for winter, now
is the time to plant a cover crop like annual ryegrass. Prepare
the soil working in manure, mulches,
compost, etc. The cover
crop will become established now, provide soil stability over the
winter, and turned in for humus in the spring.
putting your tools away for the winter, clean, sharpen, and wipe with
a light coat of oil. Gas powered implements (mowers, tillers,
chippers, etc.) should be prepared per their owners manuals.
the Flower Garden
buttons seeds can be sown now.
Strawflowers or everlastings now as the buds begin to open. Hang
them in loose bundles, head down, for a few weeks or until thoroughly
seeds can be planted now for Spring bloom.
generally a good time of year to plant.
deciduous hedges for the last time early this month.
beds, gardens, and lawns of debris. Remove leaves as they
Note: This almanac page should be
used as a general guideline of common garden tasks. You should modify the
list based on your specific geographic area. For a very useful tool to
aide in planning your garden,